Working with UBCO candidate teachers and Instructors at Okanagan College has given me the privilege of viewing some very inspiring lesson plans. I have seen many formats and templates, and I have realized that no ‘one size fits all’ format exists. It seems that over time, every teacher develops a system that makes sense to them and provides them with the guide they need to lead their classes successfully. There are, however, some key elements that can turn a good class into a great class and help all aspects of the lesson function more effectively.
One of most popular models used in the post-secondary world in B.C. is the B.O.P.P.P.S. model created by Douglas Kerr in 1978. This model breaks down the lesson plan into six parts:
Bridge In – Introducing the lesson and bridging in to the learning cycle. Objectives – The learning objectives and overall purpose of the lesson. Pre-test – Determining what the learners know. Participatory Learning – Interactivity in the learning process. Post-Test – Finding out what the learners have learned. Summary – Wrapping up the learning experience.
Excellent information on the B.O.P.P.P.S model can be found on most Canadian University sites. There are many great pdf.’s, or power points available on this model.
My personal preferences in the use of these terms has led me to the creation of my own model which I fondly refer to as the G.O.A.L.L.I.E model.
(This acronym has nothing to do with the topic, but it has does have some personal significance. My youngest son was in the net this semester for the UBC Vancouver Thunderbirds).
The analogy works if you think about all the equipment a goalie must wear and how each piece prepares and protects the goalie in all game actions.
G – What is the GOAL that YOU have for this lesson?
O – What is the OBJECTIVE or learning OUTCOME that you have planned for the students?
A – How will you get the ATTENTION of your students, or “hook” them into a learning experience?
L – What LINK or connection to prior learning or life experience can you provide that will make the learning relevant to your students?
L – What are the main LEARNING ACTIVITIES that will happen in your class to engage the students?
I – What types of INFORMAL (verbal checks) or FORMAL (quizzes, tests) assessments will be conducted to determine if students are achieving the learning outcomes for this lesson?
E – What EXIT plan is need for students to prepare for next class and be ENTICED to come back?
So, feel free to borrow this simplistic model of lesson planning if it makes sense to you.